System fundamentals

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System Fundamentals[1]

We are concerned with how systems integrate into organizations and how people use them. I used the standards from the IB[2], but added some other topics I think fit into this category (but not included by the IB).

The big ideas in system fundamentals

Systems in Organizations

A computer program or computer system is used by people who work in organizations. It is very helpful to understand how people, computers, and organizations work together.

Planning and system installation

User Focus

System Backup

Software Deployment

System DesignProduce a plan, simulation or model.

Components of a computer system

System DesignProduce a plan, simulation or model. and analysis

Human interaction with the system

Standards

  • IdentifyProvide an answer from a number of possibilities. Recognize and state briefly a distinguishing fact or feature. the contextThe circumstances that form the setting for an event, statement, or idea, and in terms of which it can be fully understood and assessed. for which a new system is planned.
  • DescribeGive a detailed account or picture of a situation, event, pattern or process. the need for change management.
  • OutlineGive a brief account. compatibilityA state in which two things are able to exist or occur together without problems or conflict. issues resulting from situations including legacy systems or business mergers.
  • Compare the implementation of systems using a client’s hardware with hosting systems remotely.
  • EvaluateAssess the implications and limitations; make judgments about the ideas, works, solutions or methods in relation to selected criteria. alternative installation processes.
  • DiscussOffer a considered and balanced review that includes a range of arguments, factors or hypotheses. Opinions or conclusions should be presented clearly and supported by appropriate evidence. problems that may arise as a part of data migration.
  • SuggestPropose a solution, hypothesis or other possible answer. various types of testing.
  • DescribeGive a detailed account or picture of a situation, event, pattern or process. the importance of user documentation.
  • EvaluateAssess the implications and limitations; make judgments about the ideas, works, solutions or methods in relation to selected criteria. different methods of providing user documentation.
  • EvaluateAssess the implications and limitations; make judgments about the ideas, works, solutions or methods in relation to selected criteria. different methods of delivering user training.
  • IdentifyProvide an answer from a number of possibilities. Recognize and state briefly a distinguishing fact or feature. a range of causes of data loss.
  • OutlineGive a brief account. the consequences of data loss in a specified situation.
  • DescribeGive a detailed account or picture of a situation, event, pattern or process. a range of methods that can be used to prevent data loss.
  • DescribeGive a detailed account or picture of a situation, event, pattern or process. strategies for managing releases and updates.
  • DefineGive the precise meaning of a word, phrase, concept or physical quantity. the terms: hardware, software, peripheral, networka group or system of interconnected people or things., human resources.
  • DescribeGive a detailed account or picture of a situation, event, pattern or process. the roles that a computer can take in a networked world.
  • DiscussOffer a considered and balanced review that includes a range of arguments, factors or hypotheses. Opinions or conclusions should be presented clearly and supported by appropriate evidence. the social and ethical issues associated with a networked world.
  • IdentifyProvide an answer from a number of possibilities. Recognize and state briefly a distinguishing fact or feature. the relevant stakeholders when planning a new system.
  • DescribeGive a detailed account or picture of a situation, event, pattern or process. methods of obtaining requirements from stakeholders.
  • DescribeGive a detailed account or picture of a situation, event, pattern or process. appropriate techniques for gathering the information needed to arrive at a workable solution.
  • ConstructDevelop information in a diagrammatic or logical form. suitable representations to illustrate system requirements.
  • DescribeGive a detailed account or picture of a situation, event, pattern or process. the purpose of prototypes to demonstrateProve or make clear by reasoning or evidence, illustrating with examples or practical application. the proposed system to the client.
  • DiscussOffer a considered and balanced review that includes a range of arguments, factors or hypotheses. Opinions or conclusions should be presented clearly and supported by appropriate evidence. the importance of iteration during the designProduce a plan, simulation or model. process.
  • ExplainGive a detailed account including reasons or causes. the possible consequences of failing to involve the end-user in the designProduce a plan, simulation or model. process.
  • DiscussOffer a considered and balanced review that includes a range of arguments, factors or hypotheses. Opinions or conclusions should be presented clearly and supported by appropriate evidence. the social and ethical issues associated with the introduction of new IT systems
  • DefineGive the precise meaning of a word, phrase, concept or physical quantity. the term usability.
  • IdentifyProvide an answer from a number of possibilities. Recognize and state briefly a distinguishing fact or feature. a range of usability problems with commonly used digital devices.
  • IdentifyProvide an answer from a number of possibilities. Recognize and state briefly a distinguishing fact or feature. methods that can be used to improve the accessibility of systems.
  • IdentifyProvide an answer from a number of possibilities. Recognize and state briefly a distinguishing fact or feature. a range of usability problems that can occur in a system.
  • DiscussOffer a considered and balanced review that includes a range of arguments, factors or hypotheses. Opinions or conclusions should be presented clearly and supported by appropriate evidence. the moral, ethical, social, economic and environmental implications of the interaction between humans and machines.

References

  1. http://www.flaticon.com/
  2. http://www.ibo.org/