Interoperability and open standards

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Web Science[1]



Interoperability is a characteristic of a product or system, whose interfaces are completely understood, to work with other products or systems, at presentOffer for display, observation, examination or consideration. or future, in either implementation or access, without any restrictions.[2]

Interoperability describes the extent to which systems and devices can exchange data, and interpretUse knowledge and understanding to recognize trends and draw conclusions from given information. that shared data. For two systems to be interoperable, they must be able to exchange data and subsequently presentOffer for display, observation, examination or consideration. that data such that it can be understood by a user.[3]

Open standards

An open standard is a standard that is publicly available and has various rights to use associated with it, and may also have various properties of how it was designed (e.g. open process). There is no single definition and interpretations vary with usage.[4]

Do you understand this?

  • Just because two products share open standard does not mean they are interoperable.
  • Just because two products are interoperable does not mean they share an open standard.

Imagine an MP3 (audio file). You can play an MP3 almost anywhere, on almost any device. We could say the MP3 is interoperable because it can be created, and played on a very wide variety of devices. An MP3 is interoperable.


These standards are used from the IB Computer Science Subject Guide[5]

  • DistinguishMake clear the differences between two or more concepts or items. between interoperability and open standards.


  5. IB Diploma Programme Computer science guide (first examinations 2014). Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom: International Baccalaureate Organization. January 2012.