Variable scope in Python
Recall that a variable is a label for a location in memory. It can be used to hold a value. In statically typed languages, variables have predetermined types, and a variable can only be used to hold values of that type. In Python, we may reuse the same variable to store values of any type.
A variable is similar to the memory functionality found in most calculators, in that it holds one value which can be retrieved many times, and that storing a new value erases the old. A variable differs from a calculator’s memory in that one can have many variables storing different values, and that each variable is referred to by name. 
Example of variable scope in Python
# This is a global variable a = 0 if a == 0: # This is still a global variable b = 1 def my_function(c): # this is a local variable d = 3 print(c) print(d) # Now we call the function, passing the value 7 as the first and only parameter my_function(7) # a and b still exist print(a) print(b) # c and d don't exist anymore -- these statements will give us name errors! print(c) print(d)
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