- Privacy is the ability of an individual or group to seclude themselves, or information about themselves, and thereby express themselves selectively.
- Identity is (in the context of web science) information that can be used on its own or with other information to identify, contact, or locate a single person, or to identify an individual in context.
- Authentication is the act of confirming the truth of an attribute of a single piece of data claimed true by an entity. In contrast with identification, which refers to the act of stating or otherwise indicating a claim purportedly attesting to a person or thing's identity, authentication is the process of actually confirming that identity .
Privacy, identification, and authentication are interrelated concepts that are often used together to protect the security and confidentiality of online systems and data.
Privacy refers to the ability of individuals or organizations to control who has access to their personal or confidential information and how that information is used. Privacy is an important concern on the internet, as the collection and use of personal information can raise concerns about security, confidentiality, and autonomy.
Identification refers to the process of determining who someone is or what they represent. On the internet, identification is often used to identify users, devices, or other entities that are interacting with online systems or networks. Identification can be based on a variety of factors, such as usernames, passwords, IP addresses, and biometric data.
Authentication refers to the process of verifying the identity of a user, device, or entity. Authentication is often used to ensure that only authorized individuals or entities can access certain systems or data. Authentication can be based on a variety of factors, such as usernames and passwords, tokens, or biometric data.
In summary, privacy, identification, and authentication are interrelated concepts that are used to protect the security and confidentiality of online systems and data. Privacy involves the ability to control who has access to personal or confidential information and how it is used, while identification and authentication involve verifying the identity of users, devices, or other entities.
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From the IB: Students should investigate sites such as TurnItIn and Creative Commons.
These standards are used from the IB Computer Science Subject Guide
- Describe the interrelationship between privacy, identification and authentication.
- IB Diploma Programme Computer science guide (first examinations 2014). Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom: International Baccalaureate Organization. January 2012.