In essence, there is a header, body and footer. The header often contains a "navigation bar", where users can request common sub-pages. The body of most web pages contains main content and the footer contains legal, copyright, contact, and corporate information. Please keep in mind this isn't a STRICT rule that EVERY web page must follow, but it is very common overall layout.
<html> <!-- the head elements hold meta-information about a web page (like the title, author, CSS, usage rights) --> <head> <title>Hello there</title> </head> <!-- the body hold the main content for example, header, main content and maybe a footer --> <body> <p>Hello everyone!</p> </body> </html>
These standards are used from the IB Computer Science Subject Guide
- Evaluate the structure of different types of web pages.
- IB Diploma Programme Computer science guide (first examinations 2014). Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom: International Baccalaureate Organization. January 2012.