We are concerned with how systems integrate into organizations and how people use them.
- 1 The big ideas in system fundamentals
- 2 References
The big ideas in system fundamentals
Systems in Organizations
A computer program or computer system is used by people who work in organizations. It is very helpful to understand how people, computers, and organizations work together.
Planning and system installation
- Data loss and preventing data loss
Components of a computer system
System Design and analysis
- Planning and stakeholder involvement
- Getting requirements from stakeholders (see also design process)
- Gathering information for solutions (see also design process)
- Illustrate system requirements (see also design process)
- Prototypes (see also design process)
Human interaction with the system
- Problems with usability
- Improving usability
- Moral, ethical, social, economic and environmental implications of the interaction between humans and machines (see also ethics)
- Identify the context for which a new system is planned.
- Describe the need for change management.
- Outline compatibility issues resulting from situations including legacy systems or business mergers.
- Compare the implementation of systems using a client’s hardware with hosting systems remotely.
- Evaluate alternative installation processes.
- Discuss problems that may arise as a part of data migration.
- Suggest various types of testing.
- Describe the importance of user documentation.
- Evaluate different methods of providing user documentation.
- Evaluate different methods of delivering user training.
- Identify a range of causes of data loss.
- Outline the consequences of data loss in a specified situation.
- Describe a range of methods that can be used to prevent data loss.
- Describe strategies for managing releases and updates.
- Define the terms: hardware, software, peripheral, network, human resources.
- Describe the roles that a computer can take in a networked world.
- Discuss the social and ethical issues associated with a networked world.
- Identify the relevant stakeholders when planning a new system.
- Describe methods of obtaining requirements from stakeholders.
- Describe appropriate techniques for gathering the information needed to arrive at a workable solution.
- Construct suitable representations to illustrate system requirements.
- Describe the purpose of prototypes to demonstrate the proposed system to the client.
- Discuss the importance of iteration during the design process.
- Explain the possible consequences of failing to involve the end-user in the design process.
- Discuss the social and ethical issues associated with the introduction of new IT systems
- Define the term usability.
- Identify a range of usability problems with commonly used digital devices.
- Identify methods that can be used to improve the accessibility of systems.
- Identify a range of usability problems that can occur in a system.
- Discuss the moral, ethical, social, economic and environmental implications of the interaction between humans and machines.
Produce a plan, simulation or model.
Provide an answer from a number of possibilities. Recognize and state briefly a distinguishing fact or feature.
The circumstances that form the setting for an event, statement, or idea, and in terms of which it can be fully understood and assessed.
Give a detailed account or picture of a situation, event, pattern or process.
Give a brief account.
A state in which two things are able to exist or occur together without problems or conflict.
Assess the implications and limitations; make judgments about the ideas, works, solutions or methods in relation to selected criteria.
Offer a considered and balanced review that includes a range of arguments, factors or hypotheses. Opinions or conclusions should be presented clearly and supported by appropriate evidence.
Propose a solution, hypothesis or other possible answer.
Give the precise meaning of a word, phrase, concept or physical quantity.
a group or system of interconnected people or things.
Develop information in a diagrammatic or logical form.
Prove or make clear by reasoning or evidence, illustrating with examples or practical application.
Produce a plan, simulation or model.
Give a detailed account including reasons or causes.